How Elevators Are Installed: A Step by Step Guide

Elevators are an essential part of modern infrastructure, providing convenient vertical transportation in buildings of all sizes. The installation process of elevators is a complex and intricate task that requires careful planning, engineering expertise, and adherence to Australian safety standards. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the key steps of a Simplex elevator installation, and expand upon the critical considerations to ensure a successful installation process.


1. Preliminary Assessments and Planning

Before any elevator installation project begins, we undertake a series of preliminary assessments and planning steps to determine the requirements and feasibility of the installation.

Evaluating Building Requirements

To ensure a seamless installation, a thorough assessment of the building’s needs and specifications is conducted. Factors such as the building’s purpose, occupancy levels, traffic flow, and projected growth are considered. This assessment helps determine the elevator’s capacity, speed, and design features to meet the building’s unique requirements.

Identifying Optimal Locations

Identifying the most suitable locations for elevator installation is crucial. The placement should take into account factors like convenience, accessibility, and structural feasibility. We assess the impact of elevator installation on existing layouts and the building’s functionality.

Analysing Structural Integrity

Elevators require sturdy and stable structures to ensure safe operation. Before lift installation, we evaluate the building’s foundation, load-bearing capacities, and potential modifications required to accommodate the elevator system. This analysis ensures that the building can support the additional weight and stress imposed by the elevator.


2. Design and Customisation

Once the preliminary assessments are complete, the elevator design and customisation phase begins. This step involves tailoring the elevator specifications to meet the building’s unique needs while ensuring compliance with the Building Code of Australia.

Selecting the Elevator Type

We offer various types of lifts, including traction and hydraulic systems, to suit different building requirements. Factors such as building height, speed requirements, and available space influence the choice of elevator type.

Tailoring Specifications

During the design phase, elevator specifications such as size, capacity, speed, door configuration, and interior finishes are determined. Simplex has a huge range of customisation options available including finish colours and lights. Collaboration with architects and engineers helps create a customised elevator that harmonises with your building’s aesthetics and functionality.


Ensuring Compliance with Codes and Standards

Elevators must adhere to the Australian Standards for Lifts (AS1735) to protect passengers and comply with legal requirements. We ensure that the elevator design, materials used, electrical systems, and safety features meet these regulations.


3. Construction Preparation

With the design phase complete, the building undergoes construction preparation, involving the creation of the elevator shaft, foundation, and necessary infrastructure.


Foundation and Pit Construction

Creating a robust foundation and pit for the elevator is essential. This involves excavation work and reinforcing the pit area to withstand the weight and stress imposed by the elevator. Proper waterproofing and drainage systems are installed to prevent moisture-related issues.


Hoistway Construction

The hoistway, or elevator shaft, is constructed to house the elevator car, counterweights, and mechanical components. The construction process involves erecting the vertical structure, reinforcing walls, and installing materials for safety compliance.

Electrical and Mechanical Infrastructure

Electrical and mechanical systems are essential for elevator operation. During this phase, our technicians install electrical wiring, power supply connections, control panels, and safety mechanisms. Additionally, hydraulic systems or traction systems, depending on the elevator type, are meticulously installed to ensure smooth and reliable vertical transport.


4. Delivery and Installation

Once the building’s construction preparation is complete, the actual delivery and installation of the elevator components take place.


Delivery Logistics and Timing

Coordination between the elevator manufacturer and Simplex is crucial to ensure timely installation. The logistics involve transporting heavy components, such as elevator cars, control panels, and machinery, to the installation site.


Assembly and Positioning

Elevator installation begins with assembling the various components in the designated hoistway. The car, counterweights, guide rails, and other mechanical systems are carefully aligned and connected, ensuring proper functionality and stability.


Wiring and Cabling

The electrical components of the elevator, including control systems, buttons, and emergency mechanisms, are connected and wired during this phase. Simplex works to ensure accurate connections, adherence to safety protocols, and compatibility with the building’s power supply.


5. Safety Inspections

To guarantee the safety of your passengers and compliance with regulations, we carry out rigorous safety measures and inspections throughout the installation process.


Compliance with Safety Regulations

Australian safety regulations stipulate specific requirements for elevator installations. We verify that the installed elevator meets these standards and confirm the presence of critical safety features such as emergency brakes, interlocks, and fire-rated materials.


Testing and Certification

Once installation is complete, comprehensive testing is conducted to evaluate the elevator’s performance under various scenarios. This includes load testing, speed tests, emergency operation tests, and verification of safety features. Only after successful testing and certification can the elevator be put into service.


6. Testing and Final Adjustments

After the initial installation and testing, fine-tuning and adjustments are made to ensure optimal performance.


Fine-Tuning the Elevator System

Our expert elevator technicians fine-tune the lift’s operation, ensuring smooth acceleration, deceleration and door operations. This includes adjusting the motor controls, speed settings, and door timing for optimal passenger experience.


Conducting Performance Tests

The elevator undergoes rigorous performance tests to assess its ability to handle different loads, respond to emergency situations, and operate smoothly over an extended period. These tests help identify any remaining issues and ensure compliance with performance standards.


Handover and Maintenance

Upon successful completion of the installation and testing phases, your elevator is ready.

Regular maintenance is crucial to keep the lift in optimal working condition and ensure passenger safety. At Simplex we offer regular maintenance for both our commercial and residential elevators, conducting routine inspections, lubrication, component replacements and repairs as required.


Need an Elevator Installed?

Elevator installation is a meticulous process that demands careful planning, collaboration between professionals, and we adhere strictly to safety regulations.

Simplex has nearly half a century in elevator expertise, installing lifts in homes and commercial buildings all over Australia. Contact us about your lift installation needs here to see how we can help you.